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Cannabis refers to the species of the entire cannabis plant, including the strains Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Today, almost all strains of cannabis are from a cross-breed of sativa and indica varieties.
Cannabinoid is a class of chemical compounds that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. Currently, the most notable ones are Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). The main differences between the two is that THC is the main psychoactive compound that helps you “get high,” whereas CBD does not have that side effect. In fact, more CBD in a strain even counters the effects of THC, which is why strains with higher CBD to THC rations are more often used for medical treatment.
Marijuana is the flowers, leaves, and viable seeds of Cannabis Sativa, according to U.S. law. The plant’s flowering tops and leaves are what contain the psychoactive elements that make a person “get high.” In other words, marijuana contains more THC than CBD. Marijuana is primarily grown indoors, and is most prominent in the medical and recreational industries. Marijuana is classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance by the U.S. government.
Hemp is the stem, stalks, and sterilized seeds of Cannabis Sativa, According to U.S. law. Hemp contains more CBD than THC, and generally contains relatively low concentrations of THC. For example, according to Colorado law, hemp should contain no more than 0.3% THC content on a dry-weight basis. Hemp is primarily grown outdoors, and is most prominent in the agricultural and industrial industries. Like marijuana, hemp is also classified as a Schedule 1 controlled substance under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act.
Slang terms for cannabis include weed, pot, herb, grass, bud, ganja, and Mary Jane.
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